A child needs a Social Security number if he or she is going to have a bank account, if a relative is buying savings bonds for the child, if the child will have medical coverage, or if the child will receive government services. You’ll also need a Social Security number for a child to claim him or her on your tax returns.
The application for a Social Security number and card is sometimes overlooked in the paperwork that parents fill out in preparation for a child’s birth. Typically, the hospital will ask new mothers if they want to apply for a Social Security number for their newborn as part of the birth registration process. This is the easiest and fastest way to apply. The Social Security card typically arrives about a week to ten days after the baby is born. You can learn about Social Security numbers for children by reading a Social Security publication, Social Security Numbers for Children.
If you wait to apply, you will have to visit a Social Security office and you’ll need to:
- Complete an Application for a Social Security Card (Form SS-5);
- Show original documents proving your child’s U.S. citizenship, age, and identity; and
- Show documents proving your identity.
A child age 12 or older requesting an original Social Security number must appear in person for the interview, even though a parent or guardian will sign the application on the child’s behalf.
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- Ask students if Social Security is only meant for the elderly and the disabled persons.
- What is the procedure to apply for a Social Security Number if a parent does not apply for it when the child is born?
- Why is it important to apply for a Social Security Number at child’s birth?
- Does Social Security benefit only retired people? Why or why not?
Natural disasters create a need for unique actions. After physical safety is assured, some of the activities related to finances include:
- contacting your insurance company – request a copy of your policy, take photos and videos to document your claim.
- registering for assistance at DisasterAssistance.gov or call 1-800-621-3362.
- talking with your mortgage lender and credit card companies since you may not be able to make upcoming payments on time.
- contacting utility companies to suspend service if you will not be living in your home due to damage.
Beware of various scams that surface after natural disasters. These frauds can include phony repairs, deceptive contractors, requiring up-front fees, fake charities, and misrepresenting oneself as an insurance company agent or government representative to obtain personal information.
Assistance for the personal and financial chaos created by a hurricane or other natural disaster may be obtained from these organizations:
For additional information on financial actions for disasters, click here.
- Have students role play situations that might require actions such as those described in this article.
- Have students create a video with suggestions to take when encountering a natural disaster.
- How might the advice offered in this article be communicated to people who are victims of a natural disaster?
- Describe common mistakes people might make when encountering a natural disaster.
Without warning, a flood, fire or other disaster could leave you with a severely damaged home, destroyed belongings and barriers to managing your finances. Many people think of disaster preparedness as having a stockpile of water, canned food, and flashlights, but people also need access to cash and financial services. That’s why it is important to include financial preparedness in your disaster plans. Here is the latest summary of important preparations.
You should have enough insurance to cover the cost to replace or repair your home, car and other valuable property, as well as temporary housing if you are displaced from your home. Those who do not own a home should have renters insurance. Also, make sure that you have the right coverage for the types of disasters likely to occur in your area. For example, homeowner’s insurance does not typically cover events such as flooding or earthquakes, so you may want to consider whether you need additional coverage.
- Periodically review your insurance coverage
- Build and maintain an emergency savings fund
- Sign up for direct deposit of your paycheck or government benefits
- Gather and organize important documents
For more information, click here.
- Ask students to prepare a household inventory with a description and the value of belongings.
- Help students understand that renter’s insurance is important for the protection it provides for their personal property.
- How can you protect yourself from flood, fire or other natural disasters?
- Should you consider purchasing flood-related insurance if you don’t live in a coastal area? Why or why not?
- Why is it important to gather and organize important documents before a disaster strikes?
Carl Richards, author of The One Page Financial Plan, knows the financial mistakes–including the ones he has made–that people make. Based on his experience as a financial planner, he provides 10 tips to help people get what they want from life. Note: An explanation and examples to illustrate each tip are provided in this article. His tips are:
- Ask why money is important to you.
- Guess where you want to go.
- Know your starting point.
- Think of budgeting as a tool for awareness.
- Save as much as you reasonably can.
- Buy just enough insurance today.
- Remember that paying off debt can be a great investment.
- Invest like a scientist.
- Hire a real financial advisor.
- Behave for a really long time.
For more information, click here.
You may want to use the information in this blog post and the original article to
- Illustrate how each tip provided in this article could affect an individual’s financial plan.
- Encourage students to read the entire article to help determine what’s really important in their life.
- It’s often hard (or maybe close to impossible) to determine what you value and where you want to go in the next 20 to 30 years with perfect accuracy. Still, experts recommend that you establish a long-term financial plan. What steps can you take to make sure your plan will meet your future needs?
- Why is it important to evaluate your plan on a regular basis and make changes if necessary?
Having adequate auto insurance and determining what coverages are needed are fundamental for avoiding financial difficulties. Consumer Action (www.consumer-action.org) offers a variety of materials related to shopping for auto insurance, managing auto insurance costs, and obtaining assistance when encountering trouble when filing a claim.
These resources includes downloadable publications on the basics of auto insurance in English, Spanish, Korean, and Vietnamese. Also available are PowerPoint slides and lessons plans.
For additional information on auto insurance resources, click here.
- Have students develop actions that can reduce the cost of auto insurance.
- Have students create a video that demonstrates financial problems associated with not having adequate auto insurance.
- What are information sources that might be used to become better informed on auto insurance?
- How might a person reduce the cost of auto insurance?
On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court made an important decision about the Health Insurance Marketplace keeping quality, affordable coverage for millions of Americans. The Supreme Court’s decision confirmed that if you qualify, you can receive financial assistance, including premium tax benefit to make coverage more affordable no matter where you live.
On average, consumers enrolled in the Marketplace are receiving $3,260 per year in tax credit, or $272 each month.
About 8 in 10 consumers could find coverage for $100 or less with tax credit through the Marketplace.
If you don’t have health insurance, see if you can get health coverage for 2015. You may qualify for a Special Enrollment Period due to life change, such as marriage, having a baby, or losing other coverage. Open enrollment for 2016 starts on November 1, 2015.
For more information, click here.
- Ask students if anyone in their family is affected by the Supreme Court ruling, and if so, how?
- Ask students to prepare a summary of the major provisions of the Affordable Care Act.
- Why is it important to inform the Marketplace about any changes to your household, income, and insurance status?
- If you have health insurance through your employer or purchased it on the individual market, does the Supreme Court ruling impact you?
Certain provisions of the Affordable Care Act will probably affect your federal income tax return when you file this year. The law requires that you and each member of your family have qualifying health insurance coverage for each month of the year, qualify for an exemption from the coverage requirement, or make an individual shared responsibility payment when filing your federal income tax return.
Most taxpayers will simply check a box on the tax return to indicate that each member of their family had qualifying health coverage for the whole year. Qualifying health insurance includes coverage for most, but not all, types of health care coverage plans. If you bought coverage through the Health Insurance Marketplace, you should receive Form 1095A, Health Insurance Marketplace Statement from your Marketplace by early February.
For more information, Click Here.
- Ask students to search the Internet to gather more information about the new IRS requirements and the Affordable Care Act.
- What are provisions that might affect an individual and their families?
- What are the reporting requirements when you file your federal income tax return this year?
- How can you determine if you are eligible for an exemption?
- What should you do if you are expecting to receive 1095A and you don’t receive it by early February.
Saving money can be automatic with some simple actions that would reduce your monthly spending. Some actions, which can include lowering your monthly cash outflows by as much as $400, include:
- Using a programmable thermostat which can be used to automatically raise and lower the temperature in your home, resulting in energy savings.
- Increasing insurance deductibles for your home and auto insurance which will likely result in an annual savings of several hundred dollars.
- Practicing less aggressive driving; using a constant speed can save money on fuel costs.
- Seeking out ways to reduce your communication bills, such as using basic cable along with streaming video on your computer. Also, using a free texting app on your phone.
- Using a refillable water bottle can save hundreds of dollars by not buying bottled water.
To ensure that you actually save this money, each month, have funds automatically moved into a savings account or investment program.
For additional information on saving, go to:
- Have students conduct online research to determine various actions to reduce spending and increase savings.
- Have students interview several people to determine various actions that might be considered for reducing spending.
- What actions have you taken to reduce spending and increase savings?
- Explain short-term and long-term benefits of reduced spending.
Did you know that Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) offer free or low cost health coverage for eligible children and other family members? Medicaid and CHIP cover:
- Children and teens up to age 19
- Young people up to 21 may be covered under Medicaid
- Youth who have “aged out” of foster care can be covered under Medicaid until they reach age 26
Children may be eligible based on their family income. Eligibility depends on your income, the number of people in your family and the rules in your state. In almost every state, children in families with income up to 200 percent of the federal poverty level ($47,700 per year for a family of four) are covered. In more than half the states, the income eligibility for children can be even higher.
Eligible children and teens can get regular check-ups, shots, doctor and dentist visits, vision care, hospital care, mental health services, needed medications and more. All preventive services for children are available at no cost.
For more information, go to
- Ask students how can they find a health care provider (doctor, dentist or pharmacist) in their area who accepts Medicaid or CHIP?
- Is there a special enrollment period for Medicaid or CHIP?
- How can you apply for Medicaid and CHIP?
- Can working parents who may not have health coverage through their jobs cover their children under the CHIP program?
- Who can apply for Medicaid or CHIP for a child?
Shopping for health insurance online? Before making your final purchase – read on. Health insurance scams have been preying through websites selling medical discount plans.
According to the complaint in a recent case FTC settlement, IAB Marketing Associates, LP et al. , was a sham nonprofit trade association offering memberships suggesting it would provide consumers with a comprehensive medical insurance plan. Here’s how it worked: people shopping for health insurance online would come across websites quoting prices for health insurance plans once they entered their personal information. The websites acted like collection baskets: they asked for contact information, age, occupation, marital status-and whether folks had health insurance or pre-existing medical conditions. IAB telemarketers then called people who provided their information on these websites and used aggressive tactics to sell IAB memberships. As long as people paid upfront fee and made monthly payments – both ranging from $40 – $1,000 – they were promised a comprehensive health insurance plan that covered virtually every medical procedure and illness
Or so they thought.
The truth? According to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), consumers never were enrolled in a comprehensive health insurance plan. The IAB plan was essentially a medical discount plan, offering, if it existed, limited discounts and reimbursements on visits to certain doctors or hospitals. Many consumers who suffered an accident or illness were shocked to find that their IAB “health plan” covered very few, if any, medical expenses, leaving them with major medical bills.
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- Ask students why they should research a company before providing their personal information.
- Where can students file a complaint if they suspect a health insurance scam?
- How can consumers protect themselves from such scams?
- Should consumers provide personal information on the web?