As technology improves, electric vehicles, also referred to as EVs, are increasing in popularity. The benefits of EV are the result of:
- being environmentally friendly with no emissions
- nearly silent engine sound
- potential tax credits have been available in recent years
- lower operating costs and maintenance expenses
- smartphone apps to program charging times and to heat or cool the passenger cabin in advance of driving
Common concerns associated with EVs include:
- the higher initial cost
- short driving ranges for some models and in cold weather and on steep inclines
- slow charging time, which are improved with new technology
- charging stations may not always be available
- loss of cargo space for the battery pack
- lower towing capacities than with a conventional vehicle
The two main EV types are battery electric vehicles (BEVs) only running on electricity, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) that use electricity for a limited distance before switching to a gas-electric hybrid mode. Some models have an onboard generator to create electricity for greater driving distances.
For additional information on electric cars, go to:
- Have students conduct online research to determine current models, prices, and operating costs of electric cars.
- Have students conduct an interview with someone who owns an electric car or hybrid to obtain information about the person’s experiences.
- What factors should a person consider when buying an electric car?
- Describe future developments that might make electric cars more attractive to car buyers.